Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpitʃu], Quechua: Machu Pikchu [ˈmɑtʃu ˈpixtʃu], "Old Peak" is located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru ( Sacred valley of the Incas), which is 80 kilometres (50 miles) northwest of Cusco
Who built Machu picchu? Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438 -1472). The Incas started building the "estate" around AD 1400 but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows
Who Discovered it? Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.
If you are in Cusco city, You have 2 options to get Machupicchu. They are: by Train or Walking.
First Option: By Train. It is the easy way, you can take the train from Cusco or Ollantaytambo (Sacred valley) to Aguas Calientes town (Machupicchu town). The train ride will take you : From Cusco to Aguas Calientes : 4 hours approx, from Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes : 2 hours. Once you are in Aguas calientes town, take a Bus ride (25minutes up) to Machu Picchu Inca city (Price for this bus ticket is USD9.50) any way you can skip the bus ride and walk up to Machu Picchu (2 hours up)
Second Option : Walking and camping. If you consider your self adventures and you are in a regular shape, this option is for you, enjoy the amazing sceneries of the Andes and jungle, you can hike one of the famous hikes on the world the Inca trail or other popular hikes in Cusco like: Salkantay 4 day, Lares trek But if you are feeling more adventures try the Choquequirao to Machupichu 8 day hike.
Our Company offer different tours to Machu Picchu, they involve train or hike.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Train Companies to Machupicchu
1 - Peru Rail
2- Inca Rail
Since the site was never known to the Spanish during their conquest, it is highly significant as a relatively intact cultural site. Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
In September 2007, Peru and Yale University almost reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Yale has held since Hiram Bingham removed them from Machu Picchu in the early 20th century. In November 2010, a Yale University representative agreed to return the artifacts to a Peruvian universit.
June, to September are the busiest months when as many as 3500 people visit the ruins everyday. Even during the low season you can expect between 1500 and 2000 visitors per day.
Machu picchu has a special weather, the area has 2 seasons, the rainy season from Nov to March and the dry season from Abril to october.
Most of the year it is foggy (early in the morning) but later that 9am it clears up! it will be sunny and blue sky, the nights are cool.
If you want to an opportunity to see Machupicchu the way it looks in classic pictures, your best chance is during the dry season.
temperature will be the 35ºC max during the day and 10ºC max during the nights.
July and August are the busiest months because this period coincides with summer holidays in Europe and North America, Canada etc.
The Temple of the Moon, one of the three major temples in the Machu Picchu area, is nestled on the side of the mountain and is situated at an elevation lower than Machu Picchu. Adjacent to the Temple of the Moon is the Great Cavern, another sacred temple with fine masonry. The other major local temples in Machu Picchu are the Temple of the Condor, Temple of Three Windows, Principal Temple, "Unfinished Temple", and the Temple of the Sun, also called the Torreon, Intiwatana (sundile), Waynapicchu mountain (best view)
According to local guides, the top of the WAYNAPICCHU mountain was the residence for the high priest and the local virgins. Every morning before sunrise, the high priest with a small group would walk to Machu Picchu to signal the coming of the new day.
Huayna Picchu or Wayna Pikchu (Quechua wayna young, young man, pikchu pyramid; mountain or prominence with a broad base which ends in sharp peaks, "young peak") is a mountain in Peru around which the Urubamba River bends.
The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top. The peak of Huayna Picchu is about 2,720 metres (8,920 ft) above sea level, or about 360 metres (1,180 ft) higher than Machu Picchu city.
The number of daily visitors allowed to enter Huayna Picchu is restricted to 400. Advance purchase of tickets online will guarantee admission. A steep and at times exposed climb leads to the summit. Some portions are slippery and steel cables (a via ferrata) provide some support during the one-hour climb. At times during the rainy season, the tours are closed. The climb is not recommended for visitors in poor physical condition.
From the summit, a second trail leads down to the Gran Caverna and the Temple of the Moon (a misnomer). These natural caves, on the north face of the mountain, are lower than the starting point of the trail. The return path from the caves completes a loop around the mountain as it rejoins the main trail.
There's not a great deal to do in Aguas Calientes it doesn't rate as a particularly pretty town being built mostly of concrete, much of which looks half finished, but I think visitors will agree that it does have its own individual charm and character. There's a feel of a frontier town about it, with the railway forming the high street and the steamy jungle-clad mountains closing in on all sides
You can explore Putucusy mountain (amazing view of the area), the hot springs in Aguas Calientes town, Mondor pampa water falls.
We recommend stay over night in Aguas Calientes town and It give you the chance to see the sunrise over Machu Picchu early in the morning...the light is more gentle and there are fewer visitors ( Good for Pictures).
You can find hotels from 5 stars to basic hostels
Stay at the super expensive US$750 a night Machu picchu, Sanctuary lodge ,which is the only hotel adjacent to Machu Picchu ruins, or you can spend the night in one of the many hotels in Aguas calientes town